Κύρια White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism
Κάλυψη βιβλίων White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism

White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism

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Groundbreaking book exploring the counterproductive reactions white people have when discussing racism that serve to protect their positions and maintain racial inequality

In this groundbreaking and timely book, antiracist educator Robin DiAngelo deftly illuminates the phenomenon of white fragility. Referring to the defensive moves that white people make when challenged racially, white fragility is characterized by emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and by behaviors including argumentation and silence. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium and prevent any meaningful cross-racial dialogue. In this in-depth exploration, DiAngelo explores how white fragility develops, how it protects racial inequality, and what we can do to engage more constructively.
Χρόνος:
2018
Εκδότης:
Beacon Press
Γλώσσα:
english
Σελίδες:
192
ISBN 10:
0807047414
ISBN 13:
9780807047415
File:
EPUB, 1.48 MB
Κατέβασμα (epub, 1.48 MB)

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PZ
Nothing but a mini-hate campaign against whites.
05 July 2020 (20:12) 
RoguePhoenix
Don't waste your time on this book. A more informative and educational book is White Guilt by Shelby Steele.
07 July 2020 (00:29) 
allsalad
A reasonable but overly simplistic introduction to some of the issues but ultimately I would invest time in one of the many other, better, pop anti racism books. This book lacks rigor and clear program.
08 July 2020 (11:30) 
John
sucked some real ass
08 July 2020 (22:00) 
Mike
Just finished reading. Fantastic introduction, great points well executed. I thought I'd try to learn a bit more about the situation. I'm semi-retired and live on a remote island in the hebrides so I don't really see much of the world as you can imagine! When I move back and open my store I think I'll only hire People of Colour... try to tip the scales back as it were.

I don't understand why there are numerous people here crying and upset over this book. I guess it proves the book's title right. We really are a fragile, snowflake-y bunch! Heres to improving the world!
10 July 2020 (20:19) 
Michael
A book expressing racial hatred and advocating for the treatment of people based on the color of their skin rather than the content of their character. MLK would be heartbroken to see that state of modern race relations and the backtracking of everything he fought for. If you subscribe to the philosophy of this book then you're a bigot pure and simple.
17 July 2020 (16:07) 
pk
Here are some excerpts from a review of this deranged book by a woman who suffered severe abuse by a sociopathic, sex trafficking mother and recognized the same deranged tactics of guilt and shame in the arguments made by DeAngelo. The whole notion of white fragility is based on a logical fallacy called a kafkatrap: a sophistical rhetorical device in which any denial by the accused serves as evidence of guilt. Basically, the fact that you deny that you are a witch is evidence that you are a witch. In this woman’s experience this type of twisted argument was employed by her narcissistic mother to demonstrate that she was a whore.

“White Fragility - what’s wrong with the premise?

It follows the same premise that narcissists use to get a victim to prove their own false guilt from within. The reason that narcissistic abuse is so damaging is because it causes the victim to damn one’s self, no matter their intrinsically known innocence. It manipulates the victim into assassinating their own character and identity, in spite of ironclad internal knowledge of innocence and a preponderance of outward evidence to the contrary.
No amount of external evidence to the contrary is enough to alleviate the constant pressure to internalize the guilt, once a narcissist has their diabolical claws in your mind.

Requests to discuss allegations with a narcissist are met with a slow clever smile spreading across their face, and regulated breathing, as they respond, “The fact that you even want to discuss this, merely proves your guilt.”

DiAngelo argues that white people are inescapably racist, writing, “All white people are invested in and collude with racism,” and that “The white collective fundamentally hates blackness for what it reminds us of: that we are capable and guilty of perpetrating immeasurable harm and that our gains come through the subjugation of others.”

Back to how narcissists operate. How does it benefit the abuser to put the victim’s head in a “guilty of the unprovable” vise? It gives them godlike power over the other person. If you can convince an individual of the unmitigated hopelessness of themselves, you can lead them to assassinate their own identity, all the while believing that they deserve to do so.

The concept of identity assassination that is preached in White Fragility circles does not move the cause of justice forward. You cannot heal injustice by gaslighting everyone of a certain skin color. You cannot heal a lack of POC empowerment by excoriating the power of the individual to stand for or against racism on an individual basis, and to externally do everything within their power to fight injustice in their circles of influence and at the voting booth.

By accruing mass guilt to all white persons, you are removing their agency. Without agency, we cannot affect change.
Agency: to have agency over something means that one has the ability or authority to achieve control.

Furthermore, moral agency is an individual’s ability to make moral judgments based on some notion of right and wrong and to be held accountable for these actions. A moral agent is “a being who is capable of acting with reference to right and wrong.”

The premise of White Fragility, that that we are all born bad and our racism is inescapable, removes agency, moral or otherwise. In removing agency, author Di’Angelo has also removed accountability. Logically speaking, we cannot possibly be accountable for something over which we have no agency of change.

White people publicly accused of racism risk social ostracization and professional ruin. The idea that some white people may be defensive when accused of racism is not surprising. But though SOME white people may exhibit a degree of what DiAngelo calls fragility, her grandiose theory as applied to all or even most white people has two fatal flaws.

There is no way to prove or disprove one’s internal world. Narcs, too, love to deal in the realm of unprovable stuff, because evidence is too, well, inconvenient, for the desired power dynamic.

The legitimacy of a theory is in whether it is unfalsifiable or not.
DiAngelo’s theory of White Fragility is unfalsifiable. It is impossible for someone to prove that they are not fragile, just as it was impossible for me to prove that I was not a whore.

More insidiously, just like my mom, DiAngelo frames her theory of white fragility such that any denial of her theory is interpreted as proof of its validity.

For example, DiAngelo writes that:
“The mere suggestion that being white has meaning often triggers a range of defensive responses. These include emotions such as anger, fear, guilt, and behaviors such as argumentation, silence, and withdrawal from the stress-inducing situation. These responses work to reinstate white equilibrium as they repel the challenge, return our racial comfort, and maintain our dominance within the racial hierarchy. I conceptualize this process as white fragility. Though white fragility is triggered by discomfort and anxiety, it is born of superiority and entitlement.”
DiAngelo leaves white readers with only two options. Either acknowledge your fragility, which proves DiAngelo’s theory, or deny your fragility, which according to DiAngelo, also proves her theory.

White people read the book because they care about fighting racism and being allies to people of color. They are ready to listen and are unabashedly looking for answers to difficult issues. What they are met with instead are Kafkatraps and logical fallacies in a ruse to convince ALL white people that they are racist and fragile.

So, what’s the answer?

I am listening. I care. However, I am unable to follow the siren song of a woman who would use the same manipulation tactics as my psychopathic mother with which to present “the answer”.

I will continue to believe in the power of individual agency to create a better future. Where there are causes that have a scientifically proven track record of increasing the agency and self-empowerment of POC, I will continue to support them.

I will not ascribe to anything that starts with the word, WHITE, which by definition is a bassackwards white-centric notion that decreases POC agency and a continued dependency on WHITE anything.

I will continue to use my finely-honed skills at noticing logical fallacies and kafkatraps. I will continue to stand against all manipulation.”
05 August 2020 (20:55) 
You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.